How to install Docker on your VPS/VDS?
Docker is a software platform for building and launching Linux containers. Linux Containers is a known technology that allows us to isolate kernel processes and make them think that they are the only ones running on the server. Containers are different from Virtual Machines because the containers share the same kernel while every VPS (VM) has its kernel (besides OpenVZ VPS, where in fact the "virtual machine" is a container).
Getting started with the installation of Docker
To install Docker you will need a Linux-based server, preferably running Debian/Ubuntu or CentOS. If your server is VPS/VDS, please have in mind that Docker can not operate if your VPS is based on OpenVZ 6. We would advise you to use KVM-based VPS or VDS (Dedicated Server).
Installing Docker on VPS/VDS is a very easy process. Connect to your server via SSH with a privileged user (root).
The first step is to update (list of packages) your server.
Then simply run this command:
curl -sS https://get.docker.com/ | sh
This script will automatically detect your operating system, install the needed packages and install Docker.
If there is no curl installed on your server, you can install it with the following command:
apt-get install curl
yum install curl
Then run the docker install command again.
How to test our installation?
The Docker’s team recommends testing your Docker installation with a simple hello-world image.
To do this, simply run this command:
docker run hello-world
If everything is installed and working properly, you should see this output:
Unable to find image 'hello-world:latest' locally latest: Pulling from library/hello-world 0e03bdcc26d7: Pull complete Digest: sha256:31b9c7d48790f0d8c50ab433d9c3b7e17666d6993084c002c2ff1ca09b96391d Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:latest Hello from Docker! This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly. To generate this message, Docker took the following steps: 1. The Docker client contacted the Docker daemon. 2. The Docker daemon pulled the "hello-world" image from the Docker Hub. (amd64) 3. The Docker daemon created a new container from that image which runs the executable that produces the output you are currently reading. 4. The Docker daemon streamed that output to the Docker client, which sent it to your terminal. To try something more ambitious, you can run an Ubuntu container with: $ docker run -it ubuntu bash Share images, automate workflows, and more with a free Docker ID: https://hub.docker.com/ For more examples and ideas, visit: https://docs.docker.com/get-started/
Extra post-installation tips from us
Non-root access to Docker
Currently, we are logged into the server via root and we can manage the Docker application. It is a good idea to manage docker via a non-root user. But to do that, every time you want to use docker, you should use sudo. We can give non-root access to the docker management commands by typing these commands in the console:
groupadd docker usermod -aG docker YOUR_USER
By doing this, your user will have access to the docker management and there is no need to use sudo every time you want to change something.
Make docker run at startup of the OS
You can do that by running this command:
systemctl enable docker
Now, if your OS is being rebooted, Docker and all Docker containers will start automatically.
If you need assistance installing Docker on your VPSBG server, please do not hesitate to contact us.